Taxonomy of the Neogene macrobotanical records of Eurasia

Reports Meetings Useful Links Fossil/recent reference collections

Coordination: Boglárka Erdei, Torsten Utescher

Reports of this working group available for download

Forthcoming meeting

Extended NECLIME workshop, Sofia (Bulgaria), 25th to 28th of September 2018
From 25th to the 28th of September 2018, an extended NECLIME workshop will be take place in Sofia (Bulgaria) at the Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences organized by Dimiter Ivanov and his team. This extended workshop focuses on "Climate and vegetation evolution in the Paratethys and Eastern Mediterranean". It is organized in association with the 9th meeting of the NECLIME working group on "Taxonomy of Neogene Palynomorphs“, the 4th meeting of the NECLIME working group on "Taxonomy of macrobotanical records in Eurasia" and the NECLIME working group "On Fossil woods".
Scientific tropics
proposed are
  • Palaeobotanical records (micro/macro) of the Central and Eastern Paratethys
  • Reconstructing vegetation and climate dynamics from palaeobotanical records(micro/macro) – taxonomical basis and methodological standards – vegetation modeling
  • Higher resolving reconstructions - time series and their analyses
  • Plant diversity patterns in pollen records
  • Application of digital data on plant distribution in biodiversity reconstruction
  • Neogene climate and vegetation gradients from the Eastern Mediterranean to the Eastern and Central Paratethys
  • Aridification trends and large scale changes of palaeovegetation patterns - evidence from plants and vertebrates
  • Plio-Pleistocene Transition – evidence from the Eastern Mediterranean, Black Sea, andsurrounding lacustrine basins
  • Multi-proxy approaches in continental palaeoclimate reconstruction
  • Evolution and dynamics of lacustrine systems
In the frame of the given regional focus we invite contributions on vegetation-climate interactions, plant and animal migration and evolution, driving mechanisms, development of open landscapes, evolution of wetlands, and climate change and variability in time and space. Furthermore, we encourange the exchange between macro- and micropaleobotanists as well as colleagues from other working groups, digital data on plant distribution, detailed and high-resolution records, and Neogene stratigraphy of the plant bearing horizons in Central and East Asia to join our exteneded workshop in Sofia. Colleagues working on Neogene mammals are also kindly invited to contribute, and to share their recent results and new ideas.

Please, find more details about the registration and abstract submission in the 1st circular.
The 2nd circular contains details on the program and the venue as well as information on accomodations, fees and the city of Sofia. 

Past workshops and meetings

3rd workshop
The 3rd workshop was be held within the Joint meeting of the NECLIME working groups "Taxonomy of the macrobotanical records of Eurasia" and the "Taxonomy of Neogene Palynomorphs" at the Institute of Geological Sciences at the Masaryk University Brno (Czech Republic) on November, 16th-17th, 2017.
Topics discussed encompass
  • The application of TLM/SEM on fossil spore/pollen flora as a specific focus
  • Improvement of the identification and taxonomy of palynomorph taxa with respect to vegetation reconstruction and climatic evaluation - new achievements and advances
  • Reference palynological, carpological and leaves collections – news and updates,
    online resources for identification
  • Taxonomic diversity throughout the Neogene (Cenozoic)
  • The Central European pollen and macro-remain recordsa – taxonomy and palaeoecology
  • Plant Functional Type (PFT) approach in Cenozoic vegetation reconstruction, its
    advantages and flaws. 
  • The Palaeoclimate database of NECLIME – recent advances of the working group on
    digital plant distribution
Furthermore, in the frame of the given regional focus we invite contributions on vegetation and climate dynamics, development of environments, and climate variability in time and space.
More details on the meeting are available in the first circular.
A report will follow soon!

2nd workshop

The second workshop took place within the Joint workshop of the working groups on the "Taxonomy of the Cenozoic macrobotanical record of Eurasia" and "On the taxonomy of Neogene palynomorphs" from the 1st to the 4th of October 2012 in Sofia (Bulgaria), following the NECLIME Conference in Europe.
The discussion was build up mainly by the following topics

  • Atlas of Pollen and Spores of the Polish Neogene, Vol. 4 (presented by E. Worobiec)
  • Non-pollen palynomorphs
  • Integration of diverse plant records - the prospects of joint studies (presented by A. Bertini and E. Martinetto)
  • Reference Collections – online resources for identification
  • Taxon complexes in the Cenozoic plant record
  • Plant Functional Types and biome modelling within NECLIME - recent advances (presented by L. François)
Read more in the scientific program and the report of the discussion.


1st Workshop 2011

The first workshop  took place at the Natural History Museum in Budapest (Hungary) on the 24th of May, 2011 organised by Boglárka Erdei and Torsten Utescher.  
Four main topics were discussed
  • Current status of the NLR as well as their age limit for fossils
  • Taxon-comlexes in the Cenozoic
  • NECLIME database
  • Plant functional type classification.
Please read a detailed describtion in the report.

Pre-meeting 2010

A 1st pre-meeting was held on March 17th, 2010, in Frankfurt/M to discuss the frame and potential objectives of this NECLIME working group. The main topics can be downloaded in the program and summary.
program and summary of the discussion

Work is in progress to achieve the aim to improve basic data used for palaeoclimatic and vegetation reconstruction. Especially the connection to the Nearest Living Relatives is of great interest and importance.
To provide a basis for future discussions the online files of Palaeoflora have been updated (
A summerized file is available for download.
    • taxa highlighted in green represent new data entries or taxa with updated botanical affinity, respectively.
    • for all other records, a NLR concept is available in more recent literature resources that is more specific than the interpretation given in the database, or differs from actual entries. In these cases, a modification of database entries will be considered after discussion.

Useful links

Fossil/recent reference collections


Institute Contact person remarks
Senckenberg Natural Historical Collection Dresden (Germany) Lutz Kunzmann
more than 100,000 specimens (leaves, cuticles, herbarium)
Natural History Museum Budapest (Hungary) Boglárka Erdei
more than 37,000 specimens
Natural History Museum Vienna (Austria) Andreas Kroh 
main collection on Neogene leaves (1,100 drawers) including many cuticle samples
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Cracow (Poland) Grzegorz Worobiec
more than 2,500 fossil species, including more than 300 cuticle slides from modern/fossil species

Fruits and seeds (focus on recent reference collections)

Institute Contact person remarks
Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Yerevan, Armenia Ivan Gabrielyan  ivangabrielyan"at" approximately 1,000 recent species
Università degli Studi di Torino, Modern Carpological Collection, Torino, Italy Edoardo Martinetto
more than 800 species
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Sofia (Bulgaria) Vladimir Bozukov
more than 3,000 species
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Institue of Botany (KUN), Kunming, China Yong-Jiang Huang
more than 600 fossil specimens and several thousand extant species
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia,Laboratorio di Palinologia e Paleobotanica, Modena, Italy Giovanna Bosi
about 900 taxa
Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia Carpoteca Storica Orto Botanico di Modena, Modena, Italy Daniele Dallai  daniele.dallai"at" more than 1,000 samples
Natural History Museum, University of Florence, Florecen, Italy Chiara Nepi
~ 13.000 species (valuation)
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Cracow (Poland) Elźbieta Worobiec
about 12,000 species

Get more information about each of the carpological reference collection in this Table.

Reports Meetings Useful Links Fossil/recent reference collections