Taxonomy of Neogene palynomorphs 

Reports Meetings Useful Links Fossil/recent reference collections

Coordination: Dimiter Ivanov
As one of the first results of this working group, the list of Nearest Living Relatives has been updated.
The new additions mainly refer to taxa described in "Atlas of Pollen and Spores of the Polish Neogene" Vol. 1-3 by Stuchlik et al. (Eds.) and their interpretation in terms of NLRs.

Reports of this working group available for download

Forthcoming meeting

A new working is currently in planning. Please wait for more details in the future or contact the coordinators directly.


Past workshops and meetings

9th workshop
The 9th workshop was part of an extended NECLIME workshop will be take place in Sofia (Bulgaria) at the Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences organized by Dimiter Ivanov and his team from 25th to the 28th of September 2018. This extended workshop focused on "Climate and vegetation evolution in the Paratethys and Eastern Mediterranean" in association with the the 2nd meeting of the NECLIME working group on "Fossil woods" and the 4th meeting of the NECLIME working group on "Taxonomy of macrobotanical records in Eurasia".
Please, find more details in the 1st circular and the 2nd circular.
A report will follow soon!

8th workshop
8th workshop was be held within the "Joint meeting of the NECLIME working groups "Taxonomy of the macrobotanical records of Eurasia" and the "Taxonomy of Neogene Palynomorphs" at the Institute of Geological Sciences at the Masaryk University Brno (Czech Republic) on November, 16th-17th.
Topics discussed encompass
  • The application of TLM/SEM on fossil spore/pollen flora as a specific focus
  • Improvement of the identification and taxonomy of palynomorph taxa with respect to vegetation reconstruction and climatic evaluation - new achievements and advances
  • Reference palynological, carpological and leaves collections – news and updates,
    online resources for identification
  • Taxonomic diversity throughout the Neogene (Cenozoic)
  • The Central European pollen and macro-remain recordsa – taxonomy and palaeoecology
  • Plant Functional Type (PFT) approach in Cenozoic vegetation reconstruction, its
    advantages and flaws. 
  • The Palaeoclimate database of NECLIME – recent advances of the working group on
    digital plant distribution
Furthermore, in the frame of the given regional focus we invite contributions on vegetation and climate dynamics, development of environments, and climate variability in time and space.
More details on the meeting are available in the first circular.
A report will follow soon!

7th workshop

The workshop was organized in Bratislava (Slovak Republic) from the 29th to 30th of November by our colleague Marianna Kováčová at the Comenius University. The schedule includes presentations, discussions and time on the microscope. Proposed topics were
  • TLM/SEM microscopic comparisons between Europe and West Asia
  • Possible correlations of the central European Neogene with the Mediterranean
  • Polish coal brown sections as archives and comparison with coeval sites
  • Updates on the polynomorph references collections
  • Neogene palynomorphs and their nearest living relatives
For more information , please check the first circular and the report of the workshop.
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6th workshop
The next meeting of the NECLIME working group is going to take place in Warsaw (Poland) from November 26th to 27th, 2015. The scientific focus is on:
  • The application of TLM/SEM on fossil pollen flora as a specific focus (especially in the North Sea, Central and Eastern Paratethys region)
  • The Central European pollen record – taxonomy, palaeoecology and possible correlation with the Eastern Paratethys and Mediterranean
  • The brown coal sections in Poland as a model for vegetation dynamics in the Cenozoic and possible high resolving palynological studies including analyzes of short-term climate and vegetation dynamics.
  • The Polish Atlas of Neogene Palynomorphs – what´s next?
  • Non-pollen palynomorphs in Neogene sediments
Information about the workshop, its location and organization is available within the 1st circular, the program of the workshop as well as the book of abstracts.
Details of the whole workshop including a discussion is summarized within the report.

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5th workshop 2014
This workshop was held directly following the NECLIME Annual Meeting 2014 in İzmir (October, 19th to 22nd, 2014) and took place from the 22nd to the 25th of October
It was organized in Kütahya/Dumlupınar University (Western Anatolia) by Serkan Akkiraz, including field trips to the Seyitömer and Tunçbilek subbasins and Küthaya itself.

The topics of the workshop were
  • The application of TLM/SEM on the Turkish flora focusing especially on Fagaceae and tricolporate pollen and the comparison with the European and Paratethys realm
  • Modern oaks in the Caucasus and their pollen morphology
  • Short-term climate and vegetation dynamics in the Neogene of Western Anatolia
  • Potential of local strata for possible comparisons with coeval European records
  • Taxodioids of the Anatolian Miocene peat forming vegetation, evidence from marco and micro floral records
  • Opening of the landscape and possible comparisons with European records
  • Neogene lacustrine systems in Western Anatolia
  • Updates of the Palaeoflora database: Morphotaxa and their NLRs included in the volumes of the Atlas of Pollen and Spores of the Polish Neogene (L. Stuchlik, ed.). The last volume of the atlas - 4 (Angiosperms 2) includes 212 species belonging to 75 fossil genera and 55 extant plant families, illustrated on 134 photographic plates
More information can be found in the 1st circular, 2nd circular and within the program.
The report of the workshop with pictures of the workshop and the field trip is available for download.
The latest update for the Palaeoflora database including the information of the Atlas of Pollen and Spores of the Polish Neogene (L. Stuchlik, ed.) can be found here.

4th workshop 2013
The fourth workshop of this working group was kindly organized by Marianna Kováčová at the Department of Geology and Paleontology of the Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovakia) from the 11th to 13th of June 2013.
The workshop focused on presentations and microscopic work; main scientific focus is on
  • Atlas of Pollen and Spores of the Polish Neogene, Vol. 4
  • Reference pollen and spores collections
  • Compilation of palynomorphs collections
  • Palynomorph taxa critical with respect to taxonomy, botanical affinity and climatic
  • Re-evaluation of Neogene palynomorph records using TEM/SEM in combination
Find details about the schedule and further information in the 1st circular and in the 2nd circular.
Find the report of this meeting online here.

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Joint workshop of the working groups on the "Taxonomy of the Cenozoic macrobotanical record of Eurasia" and "On the taxonomy of Neogene palynomorphs"
This joint workshop took place on the 1st to the 4th of October 2012 in Sofia (Bulgaria), following the NECLIME Conference in Europe.
The discussion was build up mainly by the following topics
  • Atlas of Pollen and Spores of the Polish Neogene, Vol. 4 (presented by E. Worobiec)
  • Non-pollen palynomorphs
  • Integration of diverse plant records - the prospects of joint studies (presented by A. Bertini and E. Martinetto)
  • Reference Collections – online resources for identification
  • Taxon complexes in the Cenozoic plant record
  • Plant Functional Types and biome modelling within NECLIME - recent advances (presented by L. François)
Read more in the scientific program and the report of the discussion.


Workshop 2011
This time, the workshop was held in Cracow, Poland, on the 14th and 15th of June, kindly organized by Elźbieta Worobiec, Dimiter Ivanov and Torsten Utescher.
The main topics discussed were
  • Precipitation reconstructions using palynomorphs - drought indicators
  • Ecology of non-pollen palynomorphs
  • Taxa complexes
  • Palynomorph reference collections
  • Improving pollen/spore identification; re-evaluation of Neogene palynomorph records using TLM/SEM
  • Updating the NECLIME data base - changes in taxonomy and NLR interpretations
For more information, please read the workshop-report or download the abstract volume.

micro_cracow1  micro_cracow2  micro_cracow3

Workshop 2010
1st workshop was in Sofia (Bulgaria), 18th of May, 2010
program and summary of the discussion

Useful links

Fossil/recent reference collections

Institute Contact person remarks
Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Cracow (Poland) Katarzyna Cywa k.cywa"at" more than 15,000 slides comprising more than 2,500 species (fossil)
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany, Sofia (Bulgaria) Dimiter Ivanov
Comenius University, Department of Geology and Paleontology, Bratislava (Slovakia) Marianna Kováčová
fossil material only

Reports Meetings Useful Links Fossil/recent reference collections